Effective particle methods for the Fisher-Kolmogorov equations: Theory and applications to brain tumor dynamics
J. Belmonte-Beitia, G. F. Calvo, V. M. Pérez-García
Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. 19, 3267-3283 (2014)
Extended systems governed by partial differential equations can, under suitable conditions, be approximated by means of sets of ordinary differential equations for global quantities capturing the essential features of the systems dynamics. Here we obtain a small number of effective equations describing the dynamics of single-front and localized solutions of Fisher-Kolmogorov type equations. These solutions are parametrized by means of a minimal set of time-dependent quantities for which ordinary differential equations ruling their dynamics are found. A comparison of the finite dimensional equations and the dynamics of the full partial differential equation is made showing a very good quantitative agreement with the dynamics of the partial differential equation. We also discuss some implications of our findings for the understanding of the growth progression of certain types of primary brain tumors and discuss possible extensions of our results to related equations arising in different modelling scenarios.