Dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates: Variational Solutions of the Gross-Pitaevskii equations
V. M. Pérez-García, H. Michinel, I. Cirac, M. Lewenstein, P. Zoller
Physical Review A, 56, 1424-1432 (1997).
MOLAB authors
A variational technique is applied to solve the time-dependent nonlinear Schrödinger equation (Gross-Pitaevskii equation) with the goal to model the dynamics of dilute ultracold atom clouds in the Bose-Einstein condensed phase. We derive analytical predictions for the collapse, equilibrium widths, and evolution laws of the condensate parameters and find them to be in very good agreement with our numerical simulations of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. It is found that not only the number of particles, but also both the initial width of the condensate and the effect of different perturbations to the condensate may play a crucial role in the collapse dynamics. The results are applicable when the shape of the condensate is sufficiently simple.