A continuous whole-link travel model with occupancy constraint
2006 - R. García, A. Niño, M. L. López, D. Verastegui
European Journal of Operational Research, 175, 1455-1471 (2006).
The continuous dynamic network loading problem (CDNLP) aims to compute link travel times and path travel times on a congested network, given time-dependent path flow rates for a given time period. A crucial element of CDNLP is a model of the link performance. Two main modeling frameworks have been used in link loading models: The so-called whole-link travel time (WTT) models and the kinematic wave model of Lighthill–Whitham–Richards (LWR) for traffic flow. In this paper, we reformulate a well-known whole-link model in which the link travel time, for traffic entering a time t, is a function of the number of vehicles on link. This formulation does not require the satisfying of the FIFO (first in, first out) condition. An extension of the basic WTT model is proposed in order to take explicitly into account the maximum number of vehicles that the link can accommodate (occupancy constraint). A solution scheme for the proposed WTT model is derived. Several numerical examples are given to illustrate that the FIFO condition is not respected for the WTT model and to compare the travel time predictions effected by LWR and WTT models.