Stability of vortices in inhomogeneous Bose condensates subject to rotation: A three-dimensional analysis
1999 - J. J. García-Ripoll, V. M. Pérez-García
Physical Review A, 60, 4864-4872 (1999).
authors IMACI
We study numerically the stability of axially symmetric vortex lines in trapped dilute gases subject to rotation. For this purpose, we solve numerically both the Gross-Pitaevskii and the Bogoliubov equations for a three-dimensional condensate in spherically and cylindrically symmetric traps, from small to very large nonlinearities. In the stationary case we find that the vortex states with m=1 and m=2 are energetically unstable. In the rotating trap it is found that this energetic instability may only be suppressed for the m=1 vortex line, and that the multicharged vortices are never a local minimum of the energy functional. This result implies that the absolute minimum of the energy is not an eigenstate of the Lz operator, when the angular speed is above a certain value.